Wednesday, June 5, 2013

Universal Goals and National Targets for the UN's Post-2015 (Post-MDG) Development Agenda

Here, I am copying the "Universal Goals and National Targets" for the UN's "Post-2015 Development Agenda". The Post-2015 Development Agenda is replacing the Millennium Development Goals.

  1. Leave No One Behind. We must ensure that no person – regardless of ethnicity, gender, geography, disability, race or other status – is denied basic economic opportunities and human rights.
  2. Put Sustainable Development at the Core. We must make a rapid shift to sustainable patterns of production and consumption, with developed countries in the lead. We must act now to slow the alarming pace of climate change and environmental degradation, which pose unprecedented threats to humanity.
  3. Transform Economies for Jobs and Inclusive Growth. A profound economic transformation can end extreme poverty and promote sustainable development, improving livelihoods, by harnessing innovation, technology, and the potential of business. More diversified economies, with equal opportunities for all, can drive social inclusion, especially for young people, and foster respect for the environment.
  4. Build Peace and Effective, Open and Accountable Institutions for All. Freedom from violence, conflict, and oppression is essential to human existence, and the foundation for building peaceful and prosperous societies. We are calling for a fundamental shift – to recognize peace and good governance as a core element of wellbeing, not an optional extra.
  5. Forge a New Global Partnership. A new spirit of solidarity, cooperation, and mutual accountability must underpin the post-2015 agenda. This new partnership should be built on our shared humanity, and based on mutual respect and mutual benefit.
1: Candidates for global minimum standards, including ‘zero’ goals.
2: Indicators to be disaggregated.
3: Targets require further technical work to find appropriate indicators.
Universal Goals National Targets
1. End Poverty 1a. Bring the number of people living on less than $1.25 a day to zero and reduce by x% the share of people living below their country’s 2015 national poverty line 1, 2
1b. Increase by x% the share of women and men, communities, and businesses with secure rights to land, property, and other assets 2, 3
1c. Cover x% of people who are poor and vulnerable with social protection systems 2, 3
1d. Build resilience and reduce deaths from natural disasters by x% 2
2. Empower Girls and Women and Achieve Gender Equality 2a. Prevent and eliminate all forms of violence against girls and women 1, 2, 3
2b. End child marriage 1, 2
2c. Ensure equal right of women to own and inherit property, sign a contract, register a business and open a bank account 1, 2
2d. Eliminate discrimination against women in political, economic, and public life 1, 2, 3
3. Provide Quality Education and Lifelong Learning 3a. Increase by x% the proportion of children able to access and complete pre-primary education 2
3b. Ensure every child, regardless of circumstance, completes primary education able to read, write and count well enough to meet minimum learning standards 1, 2
3c. Ensure every child, regardless of circumstance, has access to lower secondary education and increase the proportion of adolescents who achieve recognized and measurable learning outcomes to x% 1, 2
3d. Increase the number of young and adult women and men with the skills, including technical and vocational, needed for work by x% 2, 3
4. Ensure Healthy Lives 4a. End preventable infant and under-5 deaths 1, 2
4b. Increase by x% the proportion of children, adolescents, at-risk adults and older people that are fully vaccinated 1, 2
4c. Decrease the maternal mortality ratio to no more than x per 100,000 1, 2
4d. Ensure universal sexual and reproductive health and rights 1, 2
4e. Reduce the burden of disease from HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, neglected tropical diseases and priority non-communicable diseases 2
5. Ensure Food Security and Good Nutrition 5a. End hunger and protect the right of everyone to have access to sufficient, safe, affordable, and nutritious food 1, 2
5b. Reduce stunting by x%, wasting by y%, and anemia by z% for all children under five 1, 2
5c. Increase agricultural productivity by x%, with a focus on sustainably increasing smallholder yields and access to irrigation 3
5d. Adopt sustainable agricultural, ocean and freshwater fishery practices and rebuild designated fish stocks to sustainable levels 1
5e. Reduce postharvest loss and food waste by x% 3
6. Achieve Universal Access to Water and Sanitation 6a. Provide universal access to safe drinking water at home, and in schools, health centers, and refugee camps 1, 2
6b. End open defecation and ensure universal access to sanitation at school and work, and increase access to sanitation at home by x% 1, 2
6c. Bring freshwater withdrawals in line with supply and increase water efficiency in agriculture by x%, industry by y% and urban areas by z%
6d. Recycle or treat all municipal and industrial wastewater prior to discharge 1, 3
7. Secure Sustainable Energy 7a. Double the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix
7b. Ensure universal access to modern energy services 1, 2
7c. Double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency in buildings, industry, agriculture and transport
7d. Phase out inefficient fossil fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption 1, 3
8. Create Jobs, Sustainable Livelihoods, and Equitable Growth 8a. Increase the number of good and decent jobs and livelihoods by x 2
8b. Decrease the number of young people not in education, employment or training by x% 2
8c. Strengthen productive capacity by providing universal access to financial services and infrastructure such as transportation and ICT 1, 2, 3
8d. Increase new start-ups by x and value added from new products by y through creating an enabling business environment and boosting entrepreneurship 2, 3
9. Manage Natural Resource Assets Sustainably 9a. Publish and use economic, social and environmental accounts in all governments and major companies 1
9b. Increase consideration of sustainability in x% of government procurements 3
9c. Safeguard ecosystems, species and genetic diversity
9d. Reduce deforestation by x% and increase reforestation by y%
9e. Improve soil quality, reduce soil erosion by x tonnes and combat desertification
10. Ensure Good Governance and Effective Institutions 10a. Provide free and universal legal identity, such as birth registrations 1, 2
10b. Ensure people enjoy freedom of speech, association, peaceful protest and access to independent media and information 1, 3
10c. Increase public participation in political processes and civic engagement at all levels 2, 3
10d. Guarantee the public’s right to information and access to government data 1
10e. Reduce bribery and corruption and ensure officials can be held accountable 3
11. Ensure Stable and Peaceful Societies 11a. Reduce violent deaths per 100, 000 by x and eliminate all forms of violence against children 1, 2, 3
11b. Ensure justice institutions are accessible, independent, well-resourced and respect due-process rights 1, 2, 3
11c. Stem the external stressors that lead to conflict, including those related to organised crime 3
11d. Enhance the capacity, professionalism and accountability of the security forces, police and judiciary 3
12. Create a Global Enabling Environment and Catalyse Long-Term Finance 12a. Support an open, fair and development-friendly trading system, substantially reducing trade-distorting measures, including agricultural subsidies, while improving market access of developing country products 3
12b. Implement reforms to ensure stability of the global financial system and encourage stable, long-term private foreign investment 3
12c. Hold the increase in global average temperature below 2⁰ C above pre-industrial levels, in line with international agreements
12d. Developed countries that have not done so to make concrete efforts towards the target of 0.7% of gross national product (GNP) as official development assistance to developing countries and 0.15 to 0.20% of GNP of developed countries to least developed countries; other countries should move toward voluntary targets for complementary financial assistance
12e Reduce illicit flows and tax evasion and increase stolen-asset recovery by $x 3
12f. Promote collaboration on and access to science, technology, innovation, and development data 3

Source: High-Level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda. (2013). A New Global Partnership: Eradicate Poverty and Transform Economies through Sustainable Development. New York, NY: United Nations Publications. [Full-text at]

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