Wednesday, April 21, 2010

Latest Report on Ecological Reserve/Deficit of Nations

On April 20, the Global Footprint Network has updated their 2009 report, "The Ecological Wealth of Nations."
The key indicator of the ecological wealth of nations is the "ecological reserve (or deficit)".
When the value is positive, it is the nation's ecological reserve.
When the value is negative, it is the nation's ecological deficit.
Its calculation is as follows:

[Ecological Reserve/Deficit] = [Biocapacity] - [Ecological Footprint]

Both the [Ecological Footprint] and [Biocapacity] are measured in standard units called "global hectares (gha)". One gha represents a hectare of forest, cropland, grazing land or fishing grounds with world average productivity.

Source: Global Footprint Network. (2010). The Ecological Wealth of Nations: Earth’s biocapacity as a new framework for international cooperation. Oakland, CA: Global Footprint Network. [Full-text at http://bit.ly/bPgXo0; Spreadsheet data at http://bit.ly/dhSMkm]

Let's take a look at countries' rankings.
The left column is the half of world countries with better ecological reserves.
The right column is the half of world countries with worse ecological deficits.

Country Ecological Reserve/Deficit (gha per capita) Country Ecological Reserve/Deficit (gha per capita)
Bolivia 16.929
United Arab Emirates -8.927
Congo 12.238
Kuwait -7.389
Canada 11.320
Qatar -5.769
Finland 7.480
Israel -5.050
Paraguay 7.437
Belgium -4.610
Central African Republic 6.977
United States -4.588
Namibia 5.712
United Kingdom -4.543
New Zealand 4.469
Singapore -4.469
Argentina 4.050
Greece -4.394
Mauritania 3.191
Switzerland -4.309
Latvia 2.638
Spain -4.307
Estonia 2.573
Ireland -3.928
Angola 2.413
Italy -3.902
Guinea-Bissau 2.350
Netherlands -3.557
Peru 2.281
Japan -3.496
Papua New Guinea 2.035
Korea, South -3.440
Madagascar 2.001
Portugal -3.185
Colombia 1.990
Czech Republic -2.685
Congo 1.927
Slovakia -2.268
Norway 1.907
Saudi Arabia -2.183
Russia 1.887
Germany -2.169
Zambia 1.692
Poland -2.048
Chad 1.621
Denmark -2.006
Guinea 1.476
Austria -1.904
Solomon Islands 1.475
Jordan -1.779
Liberia 1.436
France -1.770
Nicaragua 1.025
Lebanon -1.758
Chile 0.994
Bosnia and Herzegovina -1.738
Eritrea 0.967
Iran -1.669
Cameroon 0.941
Libya -1.608
C├┤te d'Ivoire 0.708
Albania -1.552
Mali 0.682
Mexico -1.552
Sudan 0.589
Croatia -1.536
Myanmar 0.587
Slovenia -1.523
Ecuador 0.404
Turkey -1.369
Botswana 0.390
Azerbaijan -1.305
Laos 0.343
Cuba -1.252
Lithuania 0.339
Fiji -1.207
Venezuela 0.319
Algeria -1.100
Niger 0.240
Iraq -1.086
Kyrgyzstan 0.232
Egypt -1.078
Panama 0.229
South Africa -1.021
Sierra Leone 0.226
Oman -1.008
Senegal 0.118
China -0.997
Gambia 0.102
Armenia -0.902
Somalia 0.078
Costa Rica -0.887
Cambodia 0.050
Korea, North -0.845
Burkina Faso -0.026
Belarus -0.828
Djibouti -0.090
Uzbekistan -0.810
Kazakhstan -0.149
Dominican Republic -0.798
Tanzania -0.153
Syria -0.740
Benin -0.228
Tunisia -0.733
Haiti -0.242
Nigeria -0.710
Honduras -0.251
Thailand -0.659
Zimbabwe -0.297
Hungary -0.650
Yemen -0.308
Guatemala -0.630
Pakistan -0.372
Moldova -0.615
Tajikistan -0.374
Bulgaria -0.597
India -0.397
Sri Lanka -0.572
Romania -0.401
Ghana -0.482
Turkmenistan -0.434
Viet Nam -0.465
Morocco -0.439
Ukraine -0.446





World -0.787
World -0.787

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